Hickory nut harvest is underway!

Ripened hickory nuts usually begin dropping to the ground in early October.  The production of mast typically varies year-to-year, but it seems as though hickories produce the most nuts every third year.  This is one of those years; it may be possible to forage for nuts throughout October and into November.

While there are several species of hickory in our area, I believe the tastiest nuts are those of Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata) and Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra).  Hickory trees are found in mature woods and fencerows.  The husk surrounding the individual nut is the easiest way to distinguish between the two species.

This is the nut of Shagbark Hickory.

Can you find the five Shagbark Hickory nuts in this photo?

Read about Shagbark Hickory.  View how to identify this species.

This is the nut of Pignut Hickory.

Read about Pignut Hickory.  View how to identify this species.


IMPORTANT – PLEASE NOTE:  Do NOT collect/use the nuts of Bitternut Hickory.  These are not palatable!  View how to identify this species.  This is the nut of Bitternut Hickory.

Bitternut Hickory


Once you have collected the nuts, you will likely need to remove the husk off the shell before you crack open the shell.

The husks of Shagbark Hickory often easily separate from the shell.  Most will quickly fall off the shell as you pick up the nuts from the forest floor.  View how to prepare these nuts for long-term storage.

The husks of Pignut Hickory, on the other hand, will nearly always need to be peeled off.  After collecting Pignut Hickory nuts, I typically wait a couple of weeks before proceeding to remove their husks.  To do so, I use a pocket knife (a paring knife is a good alternative) and simply insert the blade along the seam of one of the four sections of husk and give the blade a twist to pop off that section of husk.  If the husk has sufficiently dried, this task proceeds fairly quickly.  However, this additional step does take some time, particularly if you have collected many nuts of this particular species.

Read about foraging for these particular nuts.

After the hickory nuts have had the husks removed, I place them into a sink filled with water for two reasons.  First, any nuts that float are discarded; these either did not develop the nutmeat inside the shell or there may be a worm inside the shell – either way, you don’t want those!  Second, I want to rinse off any dirt, trail debris or under-husk little fibers that may have adhered to the shells.

These didn’t float. Today’s harvest of Shagbark Hickory nuts.

Unfortunately, hickories have perhaps the hardest shell of nearly any nut.  That makes cracking them open a challenge.  THE BEST nutcracker for hickory nuts is this –I was first introduced to one of these particular nutcrackers when I was growing up in east central Wisconsin.  The design of this nutcracker makes simple work of the essential task of gaining access to the delicious nutmeats inside.  However, once cracked, those fragments of very hard shell must be carefully removed from the delicious morsels of nutmeat.  That’s why I carefully sort out only the largest pieces of nutmeat from the rest of the nut as I crack them and simply discard those fragments of shell that may still harbor smaller pieces of nutmeat.  Doing so greatly reduces the chance of shell fragments becoming mixed with the nutmeat.

Hickory nuts are my favorite to eat, bar none.  While related to pecans, the flavor of a hickory nut is distinctively different and delicious.  Hickory nuts also contain a fairly high oil content, making them an excellent nut to use in baked goods.


Hickory Daiquiri made with Hickory Syrup

Hickory Nut Ambrosia

Hickory Nut Cookies

Maple Hickory Nut Cookies

Hickory Nut Shortbread Cookies

Hickory Nut Cake

Hickory Nut Milk (broth)

Hickory Bark Ice Cream (yes – using tree bark!)

Hickory Nut Brittle

I recommend substituting hickory nuts for any other nut (including pecans) in any of your favorite baked goods recipes.

Happy trails!


Welcome to Autumn

Equinox Tree – half fall colors, half greenery; observed near Ann Lee Pond Nature and Historic Preserve in the Town of Colonie

The autumnal equinox will arrive Friday afternoon.  The shorter days and cooler nights to follow will usher in a new season of vibrantly colored foliage throughout the area.  Read about the status of fall colors.  Read about the dozen best places in the Capital Region to view fall colors.  See other leaf-peeping opportunities throughout New York.  View a quick guide to the fall colors of tree leaves.

However, I invite you to view fall colors…from a different perspective (slide show or video).  Most of these plants can be viewed in your community, your neighborhood, even in your own backyard.

Wood Strawberry

Here is a list of autumn activities to consider:

Happy trails!

Pre-autumn Amble through Asters

Yesterday, I concluded my wildflower inventory at Anchor Diamond Park at Hawkwood, which is located in the Town of Ballston.  I was able to add one more species for this park and am now ready to assemble a wildflower field guide.  The guide should be ready for spring 2018.

During my visit, I saw –

Hairy White Oldfield Aster

Heath Aster

White Wood Aster

Small White Aster

Heart-leaved Aster

Purple-stemmed Aster

I also observed this red berry sampler along the way –

Happy trails!

Late Summer Stoll along the Champlain Canal

Yesterday, I concluded my wildflower inventory of the Historic Champlain Canalway Trail segment located in the Town of Waterford.  I found a few more species to add to my list; I am ready to expand my wildflower field guide for this trail, which will now include the segment in this town as well as a longer segment in the Town of Halfmoon.

Yesterday’s mostly sunny sky and blooming wildflowers belied the fact that autumn is rapidly approaching.  A sneak peek at fall colors is beginning to appear everywhere.

Lopseed exhibiting its fall foliage

During my outing, I observed the following –

Blue-stemmed Goldenrod

Gray Goldenrod

Calico Aster

Tall Goldenrod

Late Goldenrod

Garden Phlox

Climbing False Buckwheat

Canada Goldenrod

Cranberry Viburnum fruit – while edible, I don’t like their flavor.

Pale Jewelweed

Virginia Creeper fruit – highly toxic to humans.


Spotted Jewelweed

Gray Dogwood fruit – important food for songbirds.

Common Evening Primrose


Purple-stemmed Aster

Hog Peanut

Hog Peanut seedpods – these seeds are not edible.

Flat-topped Goldenrod

Autumn-olive fruit – can be made into a jam high in lycopene.

Devil’s Beggar Ticks (AKA Sticktight)

Tall Rattlesnake Root

Happy trails!


Minding my p’s and q’s, and Bidens, too!

During my routine wildflower inventory visit to Anchor Diamond Park at Hawkwood in the Town of Ballston today, I discovered several Nodding Bur Marigold plants and found one with an opened bloom.  Also referred to as Nodding Beggar Ticks, this native wildflower is one of several species that waits until September each year before beginning to bloom.

Nodding Beggar Ticks

All of these plants were located in the wetland area just beyond the end of the Hawkwood Trail (white markers) at the western end of this property.  Not far from that blooming specimen, I discovered a closely related plant also in bloom.

Swamp Beggar Ticks

On my way out of the wetland to rejoin the trail and continue my inventory, I found yet another closely related plant also in bloom.

Devil’s Beggar Ticks

These plants look very similar to one another and are indeed related to one another because they are in the same genus – Bidens, which means two teeth.

Of the three shown above, Bidens frondosa (Sticktight, but also referred to as Devil’s Beggar Ticks) is by far the most common Bidens that I encounter on area nature preserves, parks and trails.  Swamp Beggar Ticks (Bidens connata) is a distant second and Nodding Beggar Ticks (Bidens cernua) is not often observed.

Bidens provide a source of food for a number of species of songbirds and waterfowl (such as Wood Duck).  Muskrats eat the stem and leaves of Devil’s Beggar Ticks while waterfowl and songbirds (such as Swamp Sparrow) eat the seeds.

Happy trails!

Wild Plums will be ripening soon

Late August is the time when our local plums – both Canada Plum and Wild Plum – ripen.  The quarter-sized fruit of each species may range in color from red to orange to yellow when fully ripened.  It’s best to test each for firmness and flavor when picking them to determine whether or not they are truly ripe.

Ripening fruit of Canada Plum

Each species can be found in our local forests, but Wild Plum is the more common.  Both species produce more fruit when they receive more direct sunshine.  Therefore, forest edges or within thickets with few taller trees are your best bets to find these fruiting tall shrubs.

Growing up in east central Wisconsin, I enjoyed these tasty fruit during my country road bike rides of my youth – sort of a last “taste of summer” before heading back to school.

Whether raw or cooked or baked, I highly recommend these sweetly tart fruit.  If you find enough to tempt your culinary skills, consider these recipes –

Happy trails!

Sunday Stroll at Hawkwood

While continuing my wildflower inventory at Anchor Diamond Park at Hawkwood in the Town of Ballston, I was pleased to discover that the Stonewall Trail is now fully open once again, thanks to the installation of two new bridges near its east end.

THANK YOU volunteers and trail stewards – ALL of your many improvements to ALL of the trails are greatly appreciated!

In celebration of all this “newness,” I am pleased to add this destination to my list of places on my Area Nature Preserves, Parks and Trails page.  Please check it out.

During my visit today, I observed the following blooms –

White Wood Aster


Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock

Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock – close-up of blooms

Common Dodder (white blooms on yellow vine attached to the green plant, which is Spotted Jewelweed) – read more about this parasitic plant.

Happy trails!